Types of Fractures
A simple fracture, also known as a closed fracture, is when the bone breaks but does not break the outside the skin. Fractures like this are usually caused by falls, twisting injuries, or maybe direct blows. Symptoms can include severe pain, bruising, and swelling around the affected area. The best treatment for a closed fracture involves immobilizing the injured area with a cast or brace.
A open fracture is when the bone breaks through the skin, making it an open wound. Fractures like this are usually caused by high-impact trauma, such as heavy falls or car accidents. It is important to treat any open fracture as a medical emergency as there is a high risk of infection and could result in severe complications. Symptoms of an open fracture can include severe pain, bleeding, and visible bone fragments.
A complicated fracture is a fracture that includes damage to the surrounding tissues, nerves, blood vessels, and maybe even organs. This type of fracture is normally more severe than a simple fracture and can lead to long-term complications if not treated quickly. Complicated fractures are usually caused by high-impact trauma, such as falls from heights or car accidents. Symptoms may include severe pain, bleeding, and loss of sensation or movement in the affected area. Treatment for a complicated fracture will depend on the severity of the injury and may involve surgery, immobilization, or rehabilitation therapy.